maize pests and diseases in kenya

Maize is subject to attack by a number of pests and diseases, mainly in insect pests (stalk borers and armyworms) and soil pests (wireworms and rootworms). Different productive sectors in the ASALs that Maize is a staple food in Kenya. Biopesticides in Kenya: Bio-pesticide: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) Bio-fumigation: Copper fungicides in Kenya: ... Pests and Diseases; Pests and Diseases. • Damage is often most prevalent along field edges and nearby wooded areas, but can extend throughout a ,large field. Stem borers alone cause around 13-15% loss of the crop. Without weed control, crop yields can be significantly reduced. Incidence: Stalk borers are present wherever maize is grown; damage to the crop is caused by the caterpillars which feed on the stalk, whorl or the ear of the maize. Two species of these parasitoids have been discovered by us and our colleagues in Kenya. (Photo: George Mahuku/CIMMYT) This announcement by Dr. L. M. Suresh was originally published on the Maize Lethal Necrosi s Information Portal of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). This plant produces chemicals that repel stem borer moths. Non insect pests Birds: • Important non-insect pests of maize. SEEDING . Individuals can further contract diseases and bacterial infections from some of this pests even without physical contact. (Prostephanus truncatus) It attack stored maize grains. (2) Grasshoppers: They eat up the leaves and other soft vegetative parts of the plant. Stem/stalk borers Stem/stalk borers are the most important insect pests of maize in Kenya. THE FUTURE . Their feeding inside the stems causes the plant to wither and sometimes die. Fungal diseases are presented in the following sequence: foliar diseases, stalk rots, smuts and ear rots. Banana weevil. The grains are ground to produce maize flour and it is also consumed as a food grain. and other species), ASDSP II Bilateral Review Mission Field Visits to Marsabit and Embu Counties, Service Providers challenged to develop Commercial Entrepreneurs in Siaya County, Sparrow mango wine manufactured in Siaya County, Smart Weather Community platform (m-SWECO), Africa Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF), AF-MIP (Agriculture and Food Market information portal), Agricultural Information Resource Centre (AIRC), Agricultural Marketing Information Systems, National Horticulture Market information System (NaHMIS), Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation (KALRO), Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Authority (AFFA), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, SIANI- Swedish International Agricultural Network Initiative, Agricultural Sector Development Support Programme (ASDSP), Government of Kenya (GOK) Information site, Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), Agricultural Commodities Market Information. Yield losses in areas vary between 10-70%. Most of the maize crop is however produced on small scale farms. As plants mature the amount of damage increases rapidly. PEST AND DISEASES OF MAIZE Pests of Maize (1) Stem borers: The larvae bore holes into young stems and destroy the tissue, leading to low yield or death of the plant. The efforts have saved 17 percent of seed initially lost to the disease that led to maize deficit in Kenya, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Uganda. Both grasses attract stem borer predators such as ants, earwigs, and spiders. SINCE 1856 Maize seeds production rises in eastern Africa as diseases contained Effective management of maize lethal necrosis (MLN), a pervasive viral disease affecting the cereal, has reduced seed production losses from 33 percent to 16 percent in the last four years, boosting supply of the product in the Eastern African region, experts noted. Without weed control, crop yields can be significantly reduced. These pests become a serious problem in short time if no control measures are applied. Pests, weeds and disease in maize crops can severely reduce yield and quality. A diseased Maize Plant Image courtesy of fwi.co.uk Pests. The misdirection of efforts due to poor research done with obsolete technology reduces the potential productivity-boost that could take place in Kenya. Semi arid production systems pests are largely responsible for the low maize yields however... Planted as border crops food grain both small and large farms especially in recent times loss... Defends itself against pests damage is often most prevalent along field edges and nearby wooded areas, but extend... A list of top 10 fumigators or pest control companies in Kenya has faced a lot of over! Bacterial infections from some of this pests maize pests and diseases in kenya without physical contact a list top! Missing or damaged kernels on the cobs plants.It causes stunted growth and death of young have... 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