The financial institution that acquires the guarantee cannot sell it to another party unless the seller has not fulfilled its obligation to repurchase the guarantee. The transaction guarantee serves as a guarantee to the buyer until the seller can repay the buyer. Indeed, the sale of a security is not considered a real sale, but as a secured loan secured by an asset. A repo can be either overnight or a repo at term. A night deposit is an agreement in which the term of the loan is one day. On the other hand, long-term repurchase contracts can be up to one year, most of which are for less than or equal to three months. However, it is not uncommon for conceptual programs to last up to two years. How much of the portfolio of free cash securities is available for use in RRP operations? The FOMC instructed the Desk to conduct, overnight, RRP (ON RRP) transactions in amounts limited only by the value of the cash securities held at the soma, which are available for such transactions. To determine this value, the desk takes into account several factors, as not all cash securities held in the SOMA are available for such transactions. First, some of the treasury bills held in the SOMA are required to carry out reverse retirement transactions with foreign official and international accounts. Second, some treasury bills are required to support the desk`s securities lending operations. If the desk were to perform RRPs, cash securities as collateral for unpaid RRP maturities would not be available as collateral for ON RRP operations. While conventional deposits are generally instruments that are sifted against credit risk, there are residual credit risks.
Although this is essentially a guaranteed transaction, the seller may not buy back the securities sold on the due date. In other words, the pension seller does not fulfill his obligation. Therefore, the buyer can keep the warranty and liquidate the guarantee to recover the borrowed money. However, security may have lost value since the beginning of the operation, as security is subject to market movements. To reduce this risk, deposits are often over-insured and subject to a daily market margin (i.e., if the guarantee ends in value, a margin call may be triggered to ask the borrower to reserve additional securities). Conversely, if the value of the guarantee increases, there is a credit risk to the borrower, since the lender is not allowed to resell it. If this is considered a risk, the borrower can negotiate a subsecured repot.  The repo rate increased in mid-September 2019 to 10 per cent in one day, and even then, financial institutions with excess liquidity refused to lend. This increase was unusual because the pension rate is generally negotiated in accordance with the Federal Reserve`s benchmark rate, to which banks lend each other overnight reserves. The Fed`s target for the Fed fund rate was between 2 and 2.25%. Volatility in the repo market pushed the effective policy rate to 2.30 per cent above its target range.
When the desk conducts open market transactions, it sells securities held in the Open Market Account (SOMA) to eligible RRP counterparties with an asset repurchase agreement on the specified RRP due date. As a result, the soma portfolio remains of the same size, as securities sold temporarily in pension transactions continue to be accounted for as SOMA assets in accordance with generally accepted accounting standards, but the transaction defers some of the federal reserve`s debt on deposits (also known as bank reserves) to the withdrawal of deposits while the transactions are outstanding.